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Diem Hoang Nguyen


Published online: 21 January 2016

Ethical Design: The Brightest Beacon For Privacy Protection in Internet of Things

Ethical Design opens new window for empowering users when interacting with IoT system.

This research was conducted by a group of researchers from various institutions in Europe.The concept Ethical Design is introduced to refer the IoT products which are designed to help individual users protect their personal data and information as well as enable them to frame their ethical choices whenever value-laden issues emerge.

The IoT products based on an Ethical Design should be capable of providing control   of   the  collection and distribution  of  data  or  services  related  to  the  user.  In  other  words,  they  aim  to support  the  ethical  capabilities  of  human  beings  such  as  agency,  awareness  and reflexivity    (requiring    transparency     on   how   data   are  collected    and   distributed). Also, they can enforce  different  regulations or cultures along  the  dimensions  of time (e.g., cultural or regulatory changes) or space (e.g., different nations). Last but not least, they are able to supporting dynamic contexts (e.g., house, office) and able to perceive, identify  and support relationships, which require ethical choices.


Ethical Design model is implemented by policy-based framework. In this framework, user interaction with IoT devices will be controlled by set of security policy configuration rules that specify the conditions when a set of enforcement policy templates should be activated. The policy-based framework can give more control to the user and it can automate some of the complex decision processes in the interaction of the user with the IoT, but a complementary set of regulatory measures and best practices could make the application more effective.


This research was conducted by a group of researchers from various institutions in Europe: European Commission,Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy,  GNKS Consult ,Rotterdam,The Netherlands and Universita ’ Cattolica S.C.,Milan, Italy.


If you would like more information about this topic, or to schedule an interview with other authors, please contact:Maarten Botterman at maarten@gnksconsult.com, Ricardo Neisse at Ricardo.Neisse@jrc.ec.europa.eu and Mariachiara Tallacchini at mariachiara.tallacchini@unicatt.it.




Thomas Andre Svensson                                                    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Tel: 123123123

Email: thsv@itu.dk


Technology Usage is turning us Into Data Producing Hybrids without Control of Our Data Output

Humans now have two personalities, real and virtual. Our virtual personality bases itself on the data that we produce. As these tools play an ever-larger role in our life, we know little about what happens to the data we produce. Questions emerge about where it goes and the role it has in defining our virtual personality and the future implications.

Our virtual personality is part of what Thrift (2014) calls the ‘hybrid being’, meaning beings compromised of digital data and human flesh. Daily use of technology, be it social media or your smartwatch, produces the data that make up our virtual personality. There is something happening to our virtual personality that we cannot control, a categorization. This lack of transparency is something that might us in the future. Someone is defining our virtual one, but we do not know the implications of this definition.

As usage of big data is becoming more popular, many companies use modeling and prediction to understand it. These tools work as simplifying mechanisms to navigate the complexities of modern life. Within Europe, the public sector is taking use of the new kinds of data and infrastructures. Regional government in Denmark has made it possible for clinicians to let data generated by patients tracking devices inform health advice (Winthereik and Gad, Year?). These gadgets can be a gain in our lives, but gadgets are also gaining from our use of it. If you are wearing a smart-watch, the result is a 24/7 generation of data everywhere you go. In this sense, technology is an extension of us, and vice versa. The data produced will add to the virtual personality. This virtual personality is merely a number in a database, but it is a powerful number, as it could possibly define you.

We do not know enough about how people interact with, make sense of and use the digital data they generate (Lupton, 2016). However, we know that the devices we carry with us literally are our companions: the smartphone is regularly touched, fiddled with and looked at throughout the day. In addition, this companion send out continuous flows of personal information (Lupton, 2016). It is therefore important to learn more about how we can have a productive relationship, recognizing our mutual dependency (Lupton, 2016). The data these companions produce emerge beyond our bodies/selves and into the digital economies and circulations, purposed and repurposed by different actors (Lupton, 2016). Whether we care or not, these data-human assemblages from our companions have implications for our lives in a rapidly growing array of contexts.

The implications of the big data is just growing, and it is time for a call to investigate and intervene current big data usage.


Thrift, N, is a British academic and geographer. Brit Ross Winthereirk and Christopher Gad are Ph. D. Assoc. Prof. at the IT University of Copenhagen.

Thrift N (2014) The ‘sentient’ city and what it may portend. Big Data & Society, 1. Available at: http://bds.sagepub.com/content/1/1/2053951714532241.full.pdfþhtml (accessed 1 April 2014).

Project Proposal – Data as Relation, VELUX Fonden (The info from Brit Ross Wintererik and Christopher Gad).

For more information feel free to not contact me.


World’s Leading ‘Internet Of Things’ Tech Nation Faces Human Challenges Moving Forward

A scientific case study revealed that South Korea, currently dominating the IoT market segment in terms of growth, needs to adapt their solely technological driven strategy with a more human-centered approach. Otherwise the country will risk realizing their vision to build a smart ecosystem nationwide, which can negatively impact IoT innovations around the world. The academic VirtEU research project, led by two Danish universities, calls for drastic and immediate changes in future IoT research and development.

Donghee Shin from the Sungkyunkwan University published a case study on South Korea’s keen ambitions to become market leader in the IoT segment, showcasing ubiquitous challenges the smart technology will face when evolving in the society. In order to consolidate innovation management and enhance market acceptance, the study introduces a socio-technological framework for IoT designs moving forward.

While the Far East nation has invested massively in research and development and has been pioneering in bringing smart hardware to test markets, non-hardware aspects have been mostly neglected so far. Such are reducing the public skepticism towards technological change, but also to evaluate from where the tremendous funds can be raised for this overall digital transformation – changing urban areas into smart cities.

Shin elaborates a socio-technical framework as an assessment and forecasting tool for IoT, which highlights that both society as well as technology have to evolve in cooperation and not separately. Otherwise the growth of one party will be irrelevant for the overall innovational progress and not succeed become reality. Not only will this be a risk for South Korea’s evolution in the IoT segment, but since the country is currently acting in the role of the world’s smart technology pilot, failure could have a domino effect on the global IoT industry.

For the IoT research and development this perspective is new and combines technology interactions of users with an interdisciplinary approach from science and technology studies. Shin’s study provides valuable starting points for further investigation, both in academics as well as technology, which have yet remained unnoticed. Members of the VirtEU research project, in which two Danish universities are involved, are demanding drastic changes on the currently scattered innovation management in IoT.

The case study has been originially published in the Telematics and Informatics online journal, edition 31 (title: “A socio-technical framework for Internet-of-Things design: A human-centered design for the Internet of Things”). The author, Dr. Donghee Shin, is chairman of the Department of Interaction Science at Seoul’s Sungkyunkwan University. The department focuses mainly on the research areas human-technology interactions. Since the launch of the VirtEU project (“Values and Ethics in Innovation for Responsible Technology in Europe”) at the IT University of Copenhagen in collaboration with 4 other universities, both institutions have been in constant exchange.


Press info: For further information on the VirtEU project, staff member contacts as well as additional image assets, please refer to the following page: https://ethos.itu.dk/virt-eu/.


Contact: Sofia Sarauw                                                                FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Tel.: +45 26 27 94 58

E-mail: ssar@itu.dk

Copenhagen, Denmark


University Research Group is Compiling a Toolbox for the Public Sector’s Handling of Big Data

On the 9th of March 2017, the IT-University of Copenhagen launched their new research project Data as Relation, where the goal is to assess how big data enhances the quality of government (Winthereik and Gad, 2017). The project will explore how society is currently being reinvented through governance practices relying on big data (Winthereik and Gad, 2017).

The project, with the full title: Data as Relation: Governance in the Age of Big Data, came to be, with the aim to address the shift towards using big data in government, where especially Denmark’s rapid advancement in public sector digitization is notable. However, the project acknowledges that the usage of the new data sources in the public sector is still a black box, and has thus proposed that ETHOS Lab at ITU will be transformed into a hub of research, education and assessment of the use of big data in governmental practices.

The expected outcome of the project is to compose a toolbox in the ETHOS Lab for the public sector to access, in order to better their use of data and educate on the ethics of personal data usage. This toolbox will be shaped by the work and results of the five sub projects of ‘Data as Relation.’ The five sub projects are carried out by independent teams at the ETHOS Lab, in collaboration with partners from municipalities, SKAT and other transnational partners. The findings and outcomes of these projects will thus contribute to and shape the toolbox for the public sector to use.

The research project will be led and managed by Ph.D associate professors from ITU, Brit Ross Winthereik and Christopher Gad, who both teach and research in the field of innovation studies. ETHOS Lab at the IT-University of Copenhagen is a lab dedicated to exploring how data creates value through specific casework. The project is funded by the Velux Foundation.


If you would like to know more, contact the ETHOS Lab at the IT-University of Copenhagen at ethos@itu.dk or the IT-University of Copenhagen at itu@itu.dk or + 45 72 18 50 00.

Sources: Winthereik, Brit and Gad, Christopher. VELUX Project Description: Data as Relation: Governance in the Age of Big Data. IT-University of Copenhagen. 2017



Mathias Mølgaard, September 17, 2014



For way too long, your fridge, your watch and your car has been running with gossip. EU wants to change that and set standards for what information your devices pass on.

Brussels yesterday: EU has agreed on an opinion stating that your different devices should be honest about what information they disclose to others in order to improve data protection of EU citizens.

The Internet of Things (IoT) connects our homes, cars, work environments and physical activities, all with great benefits for citizens in EU who rapidly adopt these new technologies. In the opinion, named article 29, adopted on September 16, it is stated that the rise of numerous interconnected IoT devices threaten protection of user data, described as a fundamental human right.

According to the report from the European Commision, specifically The Protection Working Party, IoT is associated with challenges related to both privacy and security. Many of these are related to the vulnerability of the devices which are often lacking sufficient security because they are not integrated into traditional IT structures. Data losses, digital infection and malware lead to unauthorized access to personal data and in some cases unlawful surveillance. The European Commission suggests that users should remain in complete control over their personal data throughout any product life cycle and encourage organizations to make sure that consent is fully informed, freely given and specific.

In order to help organizations meet these standards, the Protection Working Party has designed a comprehensive set of practical recommendations addressed to the different organizations involved in the development, production and maintenance of IoT devices. This will help them implement privacy and data protection in their products and services and preserve this throughout the product life cycle. In others words, your late-night conversations with the fridge should not be passed on – unless you agree upon it.

Sources: Opinion 8/2014 on the on Recent Developments on the Internet of Things Adopted on 16 September 2014.

Facebook writes a new fairytale, By Chrmunk

Facebook starts a new Fairytale in H.C. Andersen hometown, creating jobs, growth, and life in an otherwise dead town.

Odense, Tietgenbyen, March 17, 2017– A new 56.500 square meters big data center to be built in Odense Denmark, creating over a hundred local jobs and will be powered by renewable energy. The data center will be the second of its kind in Denmark following the new Apple center in Viborg, Apple data center is a 10-yearlong building project creating at least 300 jobs and generating billions for the Danish state.

It will be the most advanced energy efficient data centers in the world. The climate in Denmark will make it possible to cool the center with air, ensuring the data center will be powered by 100 percent renewable energy like the rest of our European data centers” – Niall McEntgart From Facebook.

The center will be used to support Facebooks growing services like Live video and virtual reality in Europe. Furthermore, this new data center shows that Denmark is at the forefront of technology and renewable energy, and we at Facebook, look forward to being working with the skilled local engineers and building a prosperous environment not only for us but also for the entire city.

The data center will create jobs within technicians, engineers, and IT-specialists. Highly educated people, who work in their data center” –Julie Kowal Kristiansen, IT Fyn.

The building permit for the new data center has been approved by the local city council and building will begin March 17, 2018, to be finished in 2020.

Facebook is an American for-profit corporation and online social media and social networking service based in Menlo Park, California. The Facebook website was launched on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg.

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If you would like more information about this topic, please contact Christian Munk-Madsen at 11254898 or email at Cmun@itu.dk.

Sources: Article: https://www.version2.dk/artikel/facebook-bygger-datacenter-paa-56500-kvadratmeter-odense-1072085?utm_source=nyhedsbrev&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=v2daglig&cx_newsletter=v2daglig&cx_newsletterid=1070953&utm_source=ING+V2+Common&utm_campaign=e4c5c91b63-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_01_19&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_e43d1267b1-e4c5c91b63-49152273

For further questions contact Niall McEntegart McEntegart@Facebook.com or Julie Kowal Kristiansen Kowal@It-fyn.dk.

“Blogger warns Britain:
Don’t forget your Energy Technology Frontier in Orkney! ” by antr (Anthony Triggs)

Blogger warns Britain:
Don’t forget your Energy Technology Frontier in Orkney!

Anthony Triggs – antr@itu.dk

The Orkney Islands are serving as Britains hub for Energy technology, science and innovation. Laura Watts warns in a blog article, that the UK National Infrastructure Commission newest report is neglecting Orkney in favour of technologies abroad, putting the British Energy Future at a disadvantage.

Laura Watts and a team of writers are going to launching a poetic work titled “ebban an’ flowan”, commenting on marine renewable energy in Orkney this week. As part of her trip she released a blog post in response to the UK National Infrastructure Commission’s vision for the future of the electricity. In this report the Commission proposed among other things to connect the British electricity grid to sources in Norway and Iceland, in order to establish exchange of energy and technologies abroad.

Reflecting upon these goals outlined in the report, Mrs. Watts reminds the Commission of range projects conducted on the island of Orkney, one of which started in 1950’s. Alongside mentioning different energy technologies on the Island, she also remarks on how the electricity won on Orkney is trapped on the island, since there are now power relays to the rest of the British Isles.
She sees Orkney, full of renewable energy and electricity powered vehicles as Britains potential “energy future”, but on the other hand also warns of the danger of forgetting the island and all it’s achievements while focussing solely on technologies abroad.

Laura Watts is a professor at the IT University in Copenahagen. This press release is based on a blog post, that she posted to http://www.emec.org.uk/smart-power-flows-at-the-island-edge/ on Thursday, March 24, 2016.
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